January 31, 2003
Have Yoga Mat, Will Travel
illustration: Rob Shepperson
By SALLY McGRANE
YOGA class," said Bikram Choudhury, the 56-year-old California guru who invented
Bikram yoga, "is like a gas station."
"When the tank is empty, can you drive the
car?" he asked me last fall, as I was telling him about my project: combining visits
to Bikram studios with a cross-country car trip. "Come to my class — at the end
of class you will have a full tank of gas."
I am a believer. On my trip last fall, I wanted to get
from San Francisco to Baltimore with all deliberate speed — say, 400 miles of travel
a day. It would not be easy. Sometime after the first few hundred miles of such a drive,
the body begins to complain. No matter how cushioned and ergonomically engineered the
driver's seat is, no matter how sophisticated the cruise control, the back grows weary,
the neck loses patience and the knees rebel. After each rest stop, it's a little harder to
slide back behind the wheel. I theorized that periodic doses of Bikram might make it
easier. And, as Mr. Choudhury predicted, they did.
For those who haven't sweated through it, Bikram yoga is
a 26-posture routine of classic yoga positions developed (and copyrighted last year) by
Mr. Choudhury, who was once a weight lifter in Calcutta. It is performed in a room heated
to 105 degrees. The heat loosens the muscles and makes the postures easier to perform.
I found Bikram yoga a year or so ago, when one of the
cultishly trendy, tropically hot new studios opened near my apartment in San Francisco.
Maybe it was the heat, which made it easier for me to stretch; maybe it was the conviction
with which the instructors recommended the half-locust pose (lie face down on top of your
arms, with your palms against the floor) to ease stressed arms. But after a few 90-minute
sessions, I couldn't imagine life without a bottle of water and the superheated corpse
pose. I knew I would find Bikram when I got to Baltimore, but I didn't want to miss class
in the stretch of days when I was wedging my body behind a steering wheel.
Mr. Choudhury practices his discipline in Beverly Hills,
and urban sophisticates have come to think of his yoga as their own. Wouldn't I have
trouble finding it in that vast space between the coasts?
By the time I set out in my 1984 Saab on a crisp, sunny
San Francisco day, I knew I needn't have worried. A little research had turned up Bikram
yoga not only in many major cities but in places like Parkersburg, W. Va., and Iowa City.
A handful of states are still without the sweat-strain-and-laugh experience described on
the Bikram Web site, www.bikramyoga.com, but the
practice has migrated far from California and New York, borne on the wings of Mr.
Choudhury's cheerful enthusiasm and his evolving business plan. Opening at a rate of five
a week, hundreds of certified Bikram studios are now operating across the United States.
Others are in Canada, Europe, Japan and Australia. Mr. Choudhury is in the process of
franchising the Bikram's Yoga College of India brand.
Dropping in on a class is not difficult. "One of the
great things about Bikram is they've standardized it, so you know what you're getting
anywhere you go," said John Minnick, 63, an accountant in San Diego who visits
far-flung studios when he travels.
The standardization is part of Mr. Choudhury's vision, as
he explained to me when I reached him at his Los Angeles headquarters for a telephone
interview. "If you want a 2002 Cadillac Eldorado," he said, "it doesn't
matter which dealership you go to — you'll get exactly the same car." (Mr.
Choudhury, who is often seen in one of his several Rolls-Royces, is fond of automobile
metaphors.) To help ensure uniformity in the classes taught under his name, he has
copyrighted not only his posture series but the dialogue that goes with it.
My first experience of heartland Bikram came 13 hours
into my trip, and I was ready for it. The familiar aches and pains of marathon driving had
set in. I found the studio in a shopping center next to a parking lot in Salt Lake City,
in the shadow of aBarnes & Noble and a Bed Bath & Beyond. So much for any
fantasies of yoga masters in a silent mountain hideaway, surrounded by gardens.
Inside, the studio's slick carpeted-and-mirrored look was
reassuringly (if eerily) similar to what I had left behind in San Francisco. The
temperature was the familiar 100-plus degrees. But only a handful of people were at this
midmorning class. At my neighborhood studio, only a 6 a.m. class would have been this
small. And while the students were serious and suited up in spandex, they were clearly
older than the late-20's, early-30's groups in San Francisco.
But comfort came. I was soon absorbed by the familiar
exhortations to "English bulldog determination" and physical discipline.
"Lock your knee — concrete, solid like a lamp post! You have no left knee!"
I drove out of town refreshed, cured of the stiffness
that I had woken with in my hotel bed that morning.
Two days later I was in Omaha, doing the eagle pose
(which involves twisting your arms around each other, wrapping one leg over the other and
squatting, balanced on one foot) in a packed class with a median age considerably higher
than what I was used to. I had reached Bikram Yoga Omaha, on the ground floor of a
two-story office building that also houses a radio station and a Cox Cable payment center,
after a Saturday morning drive that took me through the deserted weekend downtown and past
the Mutual of Omaha building, a high school, and Dodge Street's distinctly unmeditative
tiered commercial buildings.
The Omaha students were clearly enthusiastic about their
yoga. But their grunts, groans and under-the-breath commentary suggested a discipline not
quite equal to that of the take-this-seriously Bikram practitioners I knew. When I
mentioned the demographic of the class in a later telephone interview with Tippi
Denenberg, who opened Bikram Yoga Omaha two and a half years ago, she asked where I had
been practicing. I said San Francisco. "Ah," she said knowingly, "the
Ms. Denenberg said that "not one person in Omaha
knew about Bikram when I opened my studio," but that "sure enough, in Omaha
people are just like people everywhere, they know a good thing when they see it." She
added: "Omaha is a perfect fit for yoga. Think about it. Om-a-ha!"
In Chicago, it was back to the hot-body crowd. The
light-filled, minimalist-chic hardwood-floored studio I visited in the trendy Wicker Park
section overlooks crowded, urban North Milwaukee Street, home to nightclubs, up-and-coming
cafes and a John Fluevog designer shoe shop. The students, mostly women in their 20's,
moved smoothly into the postures and wore sporty yoga outfits.
John Marcoux, the studio's director, quit his job as a
lawyer in Dallas a year and a half ago and drove to the Bikram teacher training center in
Los Angeles, visiting Bikram studios along the way. "It's a beautiful world," Mr. Marcoux said as he recalled the trip.
"In every city you can drive into Denny's," he
said. "You don't see the city that way. But when you share a Bikram class with the
locals, at the end you're all dripping with sweat, and it breaks down all the normal
small-talk barriers. You can really rap."
You can also alleviate the leg cramps and neck stiffness
brought on by eight hours of driving. Not only did my Bikram stops help keep me going
without pain, but I recovered from the car trip almost immediately when I got to
Once there, I sought out Bikram Yoga of Baltimore. It
opened last July, in a shopping center outside the city, alongside a Blockbuster Video, a
Food Lion grocery and a dollar store, and within easy reach of several gas stations.
Another slice of the new Americana, at ease with the
If You Go
WANT to get a Bikram yoga fix on your next road trip? It's not only the main east-west
routes that offer opportunities to get out of the car for some "standing bow
pulling." In fact, along and near Interstate 95, the thoroughfare that connects
Portland, Me., to Key West, Fla., Bikram Yoga College of India centers are popping up like McDonald's franchises, with the longest gap between hot-body spots now 450 miles (the
stretch between Raleigh, N.C., an acceptable detour away via I-64, and Jacksonville,
Most centers offer classes as early as 6 a.m. —
ideal for a predrive workout — and as late as 7:30 p.m. Fees are $12 to $20. Most
offer mats, towels and showers.
You have to know where to look, however, because there
are no golden arches in half-moon poses to entice you off the highway. Many Bikram centers
are tucked into bland strip malls. The Bikram Web site, www.bikramyoga.com, lists addresses across the country.
The Bikram Yoga College of India has its headquarters in
Beverly Hills, Calif., making its new center in Portland, Me., one of its farthest
outposts (49 Dartmouth Street, 207-874-9642; www.mainebikramyoga.com). Start with a class here, or wait until Bikram Yoga Boston, only
107 miles down the road (108 Lincoln Street, 617-556-9926; www.bikramyogaboston.com).
Two hundred miles — and plenty of stressful traffic
— later, enter New York through the Holland Tunnel, which will put you within blocks
of Bikram Yoga SoHo, a hangout for actors between assignments (150 Spring Street, between
West Broadway and Wooster Street, 2nd Floor, 212-245-2458; www.bikramyoganyc.com).
In Philadelphia, stop at Bikram's Yoga College of India
Philadelphia (520 Sansom Street, 3rd floor, 215-977-9642; www.bikramphiladelphia.com), where there is a hand-painted sky on the ceiling.
Drive another 140 miles and practice in the nation's
capital at Bikram Yoga Dupont (1635 Connecticut Ave NW, 202-332-8680; www.bikramyogadc.com) with Georgetown students and political types.
The next stop for stretching is in Virginia. Pull into
Bikram Yoga Richmond (3024 Stony Point Road, 804-330-3353; www.bikramyogarichmond.com), which just opened in December.
Only 157 miles away, look for Bikram Yoga Raleigh (3510-B
Wade Avenue, 919-861-9642; www.bikramyoganc.com) in the Ridgewood Shopping Center.
South Carolina and southeastern Georgia have yet to feel
the Bikram heat, but once over the Florida state line, get a fix in Jacksonville, at
Bikram Yoga College of India Jacksonville (1531 Atlantic Boulevard, 904-270-1239; www.bikramyogajax.com) on Neptune Beach in the Tradewinds Shopping Plaza.
In Florida, it's not a matter of "how far," but
"which one." The options include centers in the following areas:
• St. Augustine (804-C Anastasia Boulevard,
• Titusville (4545 South Hopkins Avenue,
• Melbourne (1401 Highland Avenue, 321-259-0760; www.yogawithhelena.com)
• Jupiter/Tequesta (150 North U.S. Highway 1, Suite
• West Palm Beach (1815 Parker Avenue, 561-366-0072; www.bikrampalmbeach.com)
• Delray Beach (3055 South Federal Highway,
• Boca Raton (21073 Powerline Road No. 55,
• Miami Beach (the Netherland, 1330 Ocean Drive,
Not least among them is the Bikram center at the end of
Route 1 in Key West. Experience the southernmost stretch in the lower 48 by stopping at
Bikram Yoga College of India Key West (812 Southard Street, 305-292-1854 firstname.lastname@example.org), then turn your mat
around and get ready to roll it out on the way back home.
©2003 NY Times